Why Vancouver Builds Condos, While Seattle Builds Apartments

Seattle should look to Vancouver as model for condo growth, says US research institute
Joannah Connolly
August 16, 2017

Vancouver and Seattle may be similar in size and Pacific North-West location, but they are worlds apart in terms of current residential development strategy, according to Seattle-based urban sustainability research group the Sightline Institute.

In a paper released August 14, author Margaret Morales draws parallels between the two cities and sets out her findings as to why more than half of Vancouver’s new residential development is condo buildings, whereas Seattle has virtually no new condos in the pipe and is overwhelmingly putting up apartment buildings.

She writes, “Condo demand in Seattle is rampant, yet supply is miniscule. The one condo complex actively in the city’s pipeline, the Nexus building, won’t open until 2019. Yet over 75% of its units sold out in just two weeks – most in just one rainy weekend… Instead of condos, builders are putting up apartments. Less than 4% of all new residential units built in the city of Seattle over the last five years have been condos while over 80% have been apartments.”

Seattle/Vancouver Graph

 

Seattle/Vancouver Graph 2

 

Morales says there are many reasons for the disparity. “The short answer is economics. In Vancouver, apartments are saddled with an unfavorable tax code, making condos the more lucrative multi-family housing investment even despite high rental demand. In Seattle’s skyrocketing rental market, one that’s climbed even faster than the condo market in recent years, apartment buildings are much more financially attractive, while condos come with bigger risks and, typically, lower returns.”

She adds, “One reason [for Vancouver’s condo boom] may be that builders have experience with condos in the region; they are left with little doubt that condos will sell and sell well. Similarly, condos may be more of a cultural norm for many Vancouverites than Seattleites (indeed, the trend toward condos is country-wide, though Vancouver leads the Canadian pack). But in addition, builders may have a disincentive to invest in rental properties in Vancouver… [due to] tax changes in the 1970s.”

The report also compared the relative prices of condos and single-family homes in each city. “Condominiums are a cheaper homeownership option for homebuyers in both Seattle and Vancouver. In the city of Vancouver, most condominiums were between one-fifth and one-third the price of typical single-family homes in April 2017. Though in Seattle condos are also less expensive than the typical single-family home, the difference is smaller than in Vancouver. Last year in Seattle, the average condominium value was equivalent to two-thirds the price of the typical single-family home. The fact that condo values are closer to the value of single-family homes in Seattle is likely due to the fact that Seattle has so few (they make up just 7% of the city’s total housing stock).”

Morales says that the rising value of condos in Seattle means that developers may start building more, although new supply will lag by several years. She adds that the city could look to Vancouver as an example of rapid condo growth.

“More condominium development could be a good thing for prospective homebuyers in Seattle as condos are cheaper than single-family houses, which currently dominate the options for home ownership… While Vancouver suffers from a similarly disproportionate coverage of single-family zoning as Seattle does, condominiums offer a more urban lifestyle, one that makes sense in a global and growing city. Seattle could follow in its northern Cascadian sister’s footsteps by embracing this housing option.”

Read the full paper here.

Joannah Connolly
Joannah Connolly is editorial director of Glacier Real Estate, Glacier Media's real estate division. Joannah writes and curates real estate news for Glacier Media's local newspaper websites, including the Vancouver Courier, North Shore News, Burnaby Now, Tri-City News and others. She also oversees editorial content in Real Estate Weekly Homes, West Coast Condo, Western Investor and Glacier's special real estate publications. A dual Canadian-British citizen, Joannah has 22 years of journalism and editing experience in Vancouver and London, with a background in construction, architecture, healthcare and business media. Joannah has appeared on major local TV outlets as a real estate commentator, has moderated and spoken on various industry panels, and spent two years hosting the Real Estate Therapist radio show on Roundhouse Radio.